Each module contains 3 ECTS. You choose a total of 10 modules/30 ECTS in the following module categories:

- 12-15 ECTS in technical scientific modules (TSM)

TSM modules teach profile-specific specialist skills and supplement the decentralised specialisation modules. - 9-12 ECTS in fundamental theoretical principles modules (FTP)

FTP modules deal with theoretical fundamentals such as higher mathematics, physics, information theory, chemistry, etc. They will teach more detailed, abstract scientific knowledge and help you to bridge the gap between abstraction and application that is so important for innovation. - 6-9 ECTS in context modules (CM)

CM modules will impart additional skills in areas such as technology management, business administration, communication, project management, patent law, contract law, etc.

In the module description (download pdf) you find the entire language information per module divided into the following categories:

- instruction
- documentation
- examination

Machine learning (ML) emerged out of artificial intelligence and computer science as the academic discipline concerned with “giving computers the ability to learn without being explicitly programmed” (A. Samuel, 1959). Today, it is the methodological driver behind the mega-trend of digitalization. ML experts are highly sought after in industry and academia alike.

This course builds upon basic knowledge in math, programming and analytics/statistics as is typically gained in respective undergraduate courses of diverse engineering disciplines. From there, it teaches the foundations of modern machine learning techniques in a way that focuses on practical applicability to real-world problems. The complete process of building a learning system is considered:

- formulating the task at hand as a learning problem;
- extracting useful features from the available data;
- choosing and parameterizing a suitable learning algorithm.

Covered topics include cross-cutting concerns like ML system design and debugging (how to get intuition into learned models and results) as well as feature engineering; covered algorithms include (amongst others) Support Vector Machines (SVM) and ensemble methods.

### Prerequisites

**Math**: basic calculus / linear algebra / probability calculus (e.g., derivatives, matrix multiplication, normal distribution)**Statistics**: basic descriptive statistics (e.g., mean, variance, co-variance, histograms, box plots)**Programming**: good command of any structured programming language (e.g., Python, Matlab, R, Java, C, C++)**Analytics**: basic data analysis methods (data pre-processing, linear & logistic regression)

### Learning Objectives

- Students
**know**the**background and taxonomy**of machine learning methods - On this basis, they
**formulate**given problems as l**earning tasks**and**select**a**proper learning method** - Students
**are able to convert**a data set into a proper**feature set**fitting for a task at hand - They
**evaluate**the chosen**approach**in a structured way using proper design of experiment - Students
**know how**to select models, and „**debug**“ features and learning algorithms if results do not fit expectations - Students are able to leverage on the evaluation framework to
**tune the parameters**of a given system and**optimize**its performances - Students
**have seen examples of different data**sources / problem types and**are able to acquire additional****expert knowledge**from the scientific literature

### Contents of Module

**Introduction**(ca. 2 weeks): Convergence for participants with different backgrounds**Supervised learning**(ca. 7 weeks): Learn from labeled data*Cross-cutting topics*: such as feature engineering; ensemble learning; instance vs. model-based approaches, debugging ML systems*Algorithms*: e.g. kNN, decision tree, SVM, ensemble learning (bagging, boosting), graphical models (Bayesian networks), gradient based approaches*bias-variance tradeoff*: hyperparameter tuning, cross-validation, performance metrics**Unsupervised learning**(ca. 3 weeks): Learning without labels*Algorithms*: e.g., clustering, dimensionality reduction, anomaly detection, archetypal analysis**Special chapters**(ca. 2 weeks):*Algorithms*: e.g., reinforcement learning, recommender systems, hidden Markov / Gaussian mixture models

### Teaching and Learning Methods

Classroom teaching; programming exercises (e.g., in Python 3, Jupyter notebooks, Orange)

### Literature

- Aurélien Géron: "
*Hands-On Machine Learning with Scikit-Learn, Keras, and TensorFlow*", Concepts, Tools, and Techniques to Build Intelligent Systems, O’Reilley Media, 2022 - T. Mitchell, “
*Machine Learning*”, 1997 - C. M. Bishop, “
*Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning*”, 2006 - Simon Rogers,
Mark Girolami: “
*A First Course in Machine Learning*”, ISBN-13: 978-0367574642, Chapman and Hall/CRC; 2. Edition, 2016 - G. James et al., “
*An Introduction to Statistical Learning*”, 2014

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